People who are depressed sometimes use drugs and alcohol to lift their spirits. The National Bureau of Economic Research reports that people who have been diagnosed with a mental illness consume 69 percent of the nation’s alcohol and 84 percent of the nation’s cocaine. When a person struggles with both a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder, it’s called a dual diagnosis.
Treating a dual diagnosis is complex because both disorders must be successfully treated. This is why it’s important to choose dual diagnosis rehab in California that offers care for both spectrums. But, even mental health disorders can be difficult to diagnose. For example, there are many forms of depression, not just one.
In order to treat the symptoms of depression, it’s important to understand what type of depression the individual is struggling with. Below are the five most common types of depression treated at our outpatient mental health facilities.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
MDD is often referred to as clinical depression. It is characterized by a depressed mood, lack of interest in activities, feelings of worthlessness and changes in sleep or weight. Some people with MDD may also have suicidal thoughts and feelings.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
Persistent depressive disorder is chronic depression that shows up more often than not, for at least two years. It can be mild, moderate or severe. Symptoms include sadness, loss of interest, low self-esteem and feelings of guilt or hopelessness. The tricky part is that the symptoms aren’t always present. These people have “good” days, too.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that includes periods of mania and depression. The extreme highs and lows can be debilitating. Possible symptoms of bipolar disorder include unexplained aches and pains, disorganization and fatigue.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
People with SAD feel depressed and fatigued in the winter but perfectly fine come spring. SAD is believed to be triggered by an imbalance in the body’s circadian rhythm. SAD is most common in areas further from the equator.
Postpartum depression is sometimes confused with the “baby blues,” but it’s more than this. It can occur during pregnancy or shortly after baby’s birth. Symptoms include severe mood swings, social withdrawal, trouble bonding with baby, appetite changes and feeling inadequate.
Have Depression? Help is Available.
Depression shows up in many forms. It can be consistent or sporadic, mild or intense. When people go undiagnosed and undertreated, it makes them more susceptible to self-medicating with drugs and alcohol. If you recognize signs of depression in yourself or a loved one, help is available. Contact Awakenings Treatment Center to learn more about our client-centered dual diagnosis treatment in Agoura.